Valery LEVANEUSKI - personal site  
January 10th, 2003. Posted in News from Belarus

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In Belarus the national action of civil disobedience proceeds

By point 2 of the DECREE of the PRESIDENT of REPUBLIC Belarus from July, 25th, 2002 № 18 “About SOME QUESTIONS of SOCIAL PROTECTION of CITIZENS” it is established, that individual entrepreneurs are subject to obligatory state social insurance and pay obligatory insurance payments in sizes and an order, provided by the legislation, but not less the sum of the named payments estimated at a rate of 36 percent from size of the budget confirmed when due hereunder of a living wage on the average per capita (the full text of the decree is located below).

The decree is installed since August, 1st, 2002 though position on it in item 3 infringement is not developed till now. It is not clearly, what for to pay in this fund to pensioners, to entrepreneurs having the basic place of work, to entrepreneurs working of 1-2 days in month. 36 % whence undertook and many other things questions remained without due consideration.

Because the given Decree is legally confused, contradicting to itself, Constitutions of Belarus and to the current legislation, Strike Committee of entrepreneurs declared the action of civil disobedience from the beginning of September, 2002, i.e. refusal of performance of item 2 of the given Decree before its reduction in legal frameworks (we recommend the decree to cancel data).

Entrepreneurs of Belarus are offered not to get registered in social insurance bodies (before working out of Position not contradicting the Constitution of Belarus), and become it is recommended to withdraw in writing the previous statements for statement on the account in this body (in default in reception of such statement, it is necessary to send it mail the certified mail). We remind, that agree the given Decree, and all entrepreneurs who become on the account and have paid already in social insurance – to you are threatened with huge penalties if you have incomes (gain) above 40 US dollars a month.

In the action of civil disobedience as of January, 10th 2003 participate more than 70 percent from all registered entrepreneurs of Belarus. Many entrepreneurs register against their will and without their permission, but they to refuse to pay what or payments.

Except requirements connected with the given decree, Strike Committee of entrepreneurs of Belarus has made following economic and political demands:

The basic economic requirements are:

1. Non-admission of deterioration of working conditions for entrepreneurs

2. The announcement of the moratorium on any changes of the decree №12 from May, 17th, 2001 «About introduction of the uniform tax from individual entrepreneurs and other physical persons realizing the goods, works (services)…»

3. Non-admission of introductions of cash registers for the individual entrepreneurs paying the uniform tax.

4. Reduction of rates of the fixed uniform tax twice.

5. Rent reduction for one workplace twice.

6. An establishment of legislatively minimum size of a trading place in 10 sq.m. (for the persons paying the uniform tax)

7. Cancellation of obligatory certification and hygienic registration on the goods realised in the markets (except for the children’s goods and products).

8. Reduction of cost of obligatory certification and hygienic registration by the goods realised in the markets in 3-6 times.

9. Reduction of terms of obligatory certification and hygienic registration by the goods realised in the markets for bodies, making hygienic registration and certification. The maximum term on these purposes – is two working days.

10. Increase in action of certificates till two years (except for products).

11. Cancellation of customs registration of the goods with Russia for the persons paying the uniform tax.

12. Cancellation of restrictions in 50 kg on the goods imported from other countries.

13. Registration cancellation in tax inspection of the waybills connected with transportation and storage of the goods. The goods account by transportation, storage and realisation should be conducted in any order.

14. Installation of the lowering factor of the uniform tax in 0,5 for the persons realising the goods own or domestic production.

15. Reduction of rates of the maximum penalties on administrative offences for citizens and individual entrepreneurs to 5 base sizes (25 euros).

16. Social insurance of entrepreneurs and payment in pension (and others) fund it should be carried out from the uniform tax.

17. The general number of payments of the individual entrepreneurs connected with enterprise activity (taxes, rent, etc.), should not exceed the sum equal to average wages on the country from one workplace.

18. The beginning of real negotiations with Strike Committee of entrepreneurs and representatives of other enterprise structures and initiative groups.

The basic political requirements are:

1. Resignation of the President and the Government of Belarus.

2. The termination of prosecution of journalists for criticism A.Lukashenka.

3. Clearings from jails of journalists N.Markevicha, P.Mazhejka, V.Ivashkevich

Chairman of Strike Committee of entrepreneurs RB Valery Levaneuski

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Note: Translated by means of machine translation. The original text in Russian is on a site or